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30个经典的jQuery代码开发技巧

分类 : 编程语言 | 发布时间 : 2018-04-21 09:06:21 | 浏览 : 0

本文实例总结了30个经典的jQuery代码开发技巧。分享给大家供大家参考。具体如下:

1. 创建一个嵌套的过滤器

复制代码 代码如下:
.filter(":not(:has(.selected))") //去掉所有不包含class为.selected的元素

2. 重用你的元素查询

复制代码 代码如下:
var allItems = $("div.item");
var keepList = $("div#container1 div.item");
<div>class names: $(formToLookAt + " input:checked").each(function() { keepListkeepList = keepList.filter("." + $(this).attr("name"));
});
</div>

3. 使用has()来判断一个元素是否包含特定的class或者元素

复制代码 代码如下:
//jQuery 1.4.* includes support for the has method. This method will find
//if a an element contains a certain other element class or whatever it is
//you are looking for and do anything you want to them.
$("input").has(".email").addClass("email_icon");

4. 使用jQuery切换样式

复制代码 代码如下:
//Look for the media-type you wish to switch then set the href to your new style sheet
$('link[media='screen']').attr('href', 'Alternative.css');

5. 限制选择的区域

复制代码 代码如下:
//Where possible, pre-fix your class names with a tag name
//so that jQuery doesn't have to spend more time searching
//for the element you're after. Also remember that anything
//you can do to be more specific about where the element is
//on your page will cut down on execution/search times
var in_stock = $('#shopping_cart_items input.is_in_stock');
<ul id="shopping_cart_items">
<li> <input value="Item-X" name="item" type="radio"> Item X</li>
<li> <input value="Item-Y" name="item" type="radio"> Item Y</li>
<li> <input value="Item-Z" name="item" type="radio"> Item Z</li>
</ul>

6. 如何正确使用ToggleClass

复制代码 代码如下:
//Toggle class allows you to add or remove a class
//from an element depending on the presence of that
//class. Where some developers would use:
a.hasClass('blueButton') ? a.removeClass('blueButton') : a.addClass('blueButton');
//toggleClass allows you to easily do this usinga.toggleClass('blueButton');

7. 设置IE指定的功能

复制代码 代码如下:
if ($.browser.msie) {
// Internet Explorer is a sadist.
}

8. 使用jQuery来替换一个元素

复制代码 代码如下:
$('#thatdiv').replaceWith('fnuh');

9. 验证一个元素是否为空

复制代码 代码如下:
if ($('#keks').html()) {
//Nothing found ;
}

10. 在无序的set中查找一个元素的索引

复制代码 代码如下:
$("ul > li").click(function () { var index = $(this).prevAll().length; });

11. 绑定一个函数到一个事件

复制代码 代码如下:
$('#foo').bind('click', function() { alert('User clicked on "foo."'); });

12. 添加HTML到一个元素

复制代码 代码如下:
$('#lal').append('sometext');

13. 创建元素时使用对象来定义属性

复制代码 代码如下:
var e = $("", { href: "#", class: "a-class another-class", title: "..." });

14. 使用过滤器过滤多属性

复制代码 代码如下:
//This precision-based approached can be useful when you use
//lots of similar input elements which have different types
var elements = $('#someid input[type=sometype][value=somevalue]').get();

15. 使用jQuery预加载图片

复制代码 代码如下:
jQuery.preloadImages = function() { for(var i = 0; i').attr('src', arguments[i]); } };
// Usage $.preloadImages('image1.gif', '/path/to/image2.png', 'some/image3.jpg');

16. 设置任何匹配一个选择器的事件处理程序
[code]$('button.someClass').live('click', someFunction);
//Note that in jQuery 1.4.2, the delegate and undelegate options have been
//introduced to replace live as they offer better support for context
//For example, in terms of a table where before you would use..
//
.live() $("table").each(function(){ $("td", this).live("hover", function(){ $(this).toggleClass("hover"); }); });
//Now use..
$("table").delegate("td", "hover", function(){ $(this).toggleClass("hover"); });

17. 找到被选择到的选项(option)元素

复制代码 代码如下:
$('#someElement').find('option:selected');

18. 隐藏包含特定值的元素

复制代码 代码如下:
$("p.value:contains('thetextvalue')").hide();

19. 自动的滚动到页面特定区域

复制代码 代码如下:
jQuery.fn.autoscroll = function(selector) { $('html,body').animate( {scrollTop: $(selector).offset().top}, 500 ); }
//Then to scroll to the class/area you wish to get to like this:
$('.area_name').autoscroll();

20. 检测各种浏览器

复制代码 代码如下:
Detect Safari (if( $.browser.safari)), Detect IE6 and over (if ($.browser.msie && $.browser.version > 6 )), Detect IE6 and below (if ($.browser.msie && $.browser.version <= 6 )), Detect FireFox 2 and above (if ($.browser.mozilla && $.browser.version >= '1.8' ))

21. 替换字符串中的单词

复制代码 代码如下:
var el = $('#id'); el.html(el.html().replace(/word/ig, ''));

22. 关闭右键的菜单

复制代码 代码如下:
$(document).bind('contextmenu',function(e){ return false; });

23. 定义一个定制的选择器

复制代码 代码如下:
$.expr[':'].mycustomselector = function(element, index, meta, stack){
// element- is a DOM element
// index - the current loop index in stack
// meta - meta data about your selector
// stack - stack of all elements to loop
// Return true to include current element
// Return false to explude current element
};
// Custom Selector usage:
$('.someClasses:test').doSomething();

24. 判断一个元素是否存在

复制代码 代码如下:
if ($('#someDiv').length) {
//hooray!!! it exists...
}

25. 使用jQuery判断鼠标的左右键点击

复制代码 代码如下:
$("#someelement").live('click', function(e) { if( (!$.browser.msie && e.button == 0) || ($.browser.msie && e.button == 1) ) { alert("Left Mouse Button Clicked"); } else if(e.button == 2) alert("Right Mouse Button Clicked"); });

26. 显示或者删除输入框的缺省值

复制代码 代码如下:
//This snippet will show you how to keep a default value
//in a text input field for when a user hasn't entered in
//a value to replace it
swap_val = [];
$(".swap").each(function(i){ swap_val[i] = $(this).val();
$(this).focusin(function(){ if ($(this).val() == swap_val[i]) { $(this).val(""); } }).focusout(function(){ if ($.trim($(this).val()) == "") { $(this).val(swap_val[i]); } }); }); <INPUT value="Enter Username here.." type=text>

27. 指定时间后自动隐藏或者关闭元素(1.4支持)

复制代码 代码如下:
//Here's how we used to do it in 1.3.2 using setTimeout
setTimeout(function() { $('.mydiv').hide('blind', {}, 500) }, 5000);
//And here's how you can do it with 1.4 using the delay() feature (this is a lot like sleep)
$(".mydiv").delay(5000).hide('blind', {}, 500);

28. 动态创建元素到DOM

复制代码 代码如下:
var newgbin1Div = $('');
newgbin1Div.attr('id','gbin1.com').appendTo('body');

29. 限制textarea的字符数量

复制代码 代码如下:
jQuery.fn.maxLength = function(max){ this.each(function(){ var type = this.tagName.toLowerCase();
var inputType = this.type? this.type.toLowerCase() : null; if(type == "input" &&
inputType == "text" || inputType == "password"){
//Apply the standard maxLength this.maxLength = max;
} else if(type == "textarea"){ this.onkeypress = function(e){ var ob = e || event;
var keyCode = ob.keyCode;
var hasSelection = document.selection? document.selection.createRange().text.length > 0 : this.selectionStart != this.selectionEnd;
return !(this.value.length >= max &&
(keyCode > 50 || keyCode == 32 || keyCode == 0 || keyCode == 13) && !ob.ctrlKey && !ob.altKey && !hasSelection); };
this.onkeyup = function(){ if(this.value.length > max){ this.value = this.value.substring(0,max); } }; } }); };
//Usage:
$('#gbin1textarea').maxLength(500);

30. 为函数创建一个基本测试用例

复制代码 代码如下:
//Separate tests into modules.
module("Module B");
test("some other gbin1.com test", function() {
//Specify how many assertions are expected to run within a test. expect(2); //A comparison assertion, equivalent to JUnit's assertEquals.
equals( true, false, "failing test" );
equals( true, true, "passing test" );
});

希望本文所述对大家的jquery程序设计有所帮助。

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