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How to create an HTML button that acts like a link?

分类 : 互动问答 | 发布时间 : 2010-05-26 00:39:47 | 评论 : 29 | 浏览 : 4585246 | 喜欢 : 1436

I would like to create an HTML button that acts like a link. So, when you click the button, it redirects to a page. I would like it to be as accessible as possible.

I would also like it so there aren't any extra characters, or parameters in the URL.

How can I achieve this?


Based on the answers posted so far, I am currently doing this:

<form method="get" action="/page2">
    <button type="submit">Continue</button>
</form>

but the problem with this is that in Safari and Internet Explorer, it adds a question mark character to the end of the URL. I need to find a solution that doesn't add any characters to the end of the URL.

There are two other solutions to do this: Using JavaScript or styling a link to look like a button.

Using JavaScript:

<button onclick="window.location.href='/page2'">Continue</button>

But this obviously requires JavaScript, and for that reason it is less accessible to screen readers. The point of a link is to go to another page. So trying to make a button act like a link is the wrong solution. My suggestion is that you should use a link and style it to look like a button.

<a href="/link/to/page2">Continue</a>

回答(29)

  • 1楼
  • HTML

    The plain HTML way is to put it in a <form> wherein you specify the desired target URL in the action attribute.

    <form action="http://google.com">
        <input type="submit" value="Go to Google" />
    </form>
    

    If necessary, set CSS display: inline; on the form to keep it in the flow with the surrounding text. Instead of <input type="submit"> in above example, you can also use <button type="submit">. The only difference is that the <button> element allows children.

    You'd intuitively expect to be able to use <button href="http://google.com"> analogous with the <a> element, but unfortunately no, this attribute does not exist according to HTML specification.

    CSS

    If CSS is allowed, simply use an <a> which you style to look like a button using among others the appearance property (only Internet Explorer support is currently (July 2015) still poor).

    <a href="http://google.com" class="button">Go to Google</a>
    
    a.button {
        -webkit-appearance: button;
        -moz-appearance: button;
        appearance: button;
    
        text-decoration: none;
        color: initial;
    }
    

    Or pick one of those many CSS libraries like Bootstrap.

    <a href="http://google.com" class="btn btn-default">Go to Google</a>
    

    JavaScript

    If JavaScript is allowed, set the window.location.href.

    <input type="button" onclick="location.href='http://google.com';" value="Go to Google" />
    
  • 2楼
  • <button onclick="location.href='http://www.example.com'" type="button">
         www.example.com</button>
    
  • 3楼
  • If it's the visual appearance of a button you're looking for in a basic HTML anchor tag then you can use the Twitter Bootstrap framework to format any of the following common HTML type links/buttons to appear as a button. Please note the visual differences between version 2, 3 or 4 of the framework:

    <a class="btn" href="">Link</a>
    <button class="btn" type="submit">Button</button>
    <input class="btn" type="button" value="Input">
    <input class="btn" type="submit" value="Submit">
    

    Bootstrap (v4) sample appearance:

    Sample output of Boostrap v4 buttons

    Bootstrap (v3) sample appearance:

    Sample output of Boostrap v3 buttons

    Bootstrap (v2) sample appearance:

    Sample output of Boostrap v2 buttons

  • 4楼
  • Use:

    <a href="http://www.stackoverflow.com/">
        <button>Click me</button>
    </a>
    

    Unfortunately, this markup is no longer valid in HTML5 and will neither validate nor always work as potentially expected. Use another approach.

  • 6楼
  • It is actualy very simple and without using any form elements. You can just use the <a> tag with a button inside :).

    Like this:

    <a href="http://www.google.com" target="_parent"><button>Click me !</button></a>
    

    And it will load the href into the same page. Want a new page? Just use target="_blank".

  • 7楼
  • If you are using an inside form, add the attribute type="reset" along with the button element. It will prevent the form action.

    <button type="reset" onclick="location.href='http://www.example.com'">
        www.example.com
    </button>
    
  • 8楼
  • <form>
        <input TYPE="button" VALUE="Home Page"
            onclick="window.location.href='http://www.wherever.com'"> 
    </form>
    
  • 9楼
  • You can simply put an a tag around the element:

    <a href="http://google.com" target="_blank">
    <button>My Button</button>
    </a>
    

    https://jsfiddle.net/hj6gob8b/

  • 10楼
  • Are there any downsides to doing something like the following?

    <a class='nostyle' href='http://www.google.com/'>
        <span class='button'>Schedule</span>
    </a>
    

    Where a.nostyle is a class that has your link styling (where you can get rid of the standard link styling) and span.button is a class that has the styling for your "button" (background, border, gradient, etc.).

  • 11楼
  • There seems to be three solutions to this problem (all with pros and cons).

    Solution 1: Button in a form.

    <form method="get" action="/page2">
        <button type="submit">Continue</button>
    </form>
    

    But the problem with this is that in some version of popular browsers such as Chrome, Safari and Internet Explorer, it adds a question mark character to the end of the URL. So in other words for the code above your URL will end up looking like this:

    http://someserver/pages2?
    

    There is one way to fix this, but it will require server-side configuration. One example using Apache Mod_rewrite would be to redirect all requests with a trailing ? to their corresponding URL without the ?. Here is an example using .htaccess, but there is a full thread here:

    RewriteCond %{THE_REQUEST} \?\ HTTP [NC]
    RewriteRule ^/?(index\.cfm)? /? [R=301,L]
    

    Similar configurations can vary depending on the webserver and stack used. So a summary of this approach:

    Pros:

    1. This is a real button, and semantically it makes sense.
    2. Since it is a real button, it will also act like a real button (e.g. draggable behavior and/or mimic a click when pressing space bar when active).
    3. No JavaScript, no complex style required.

    Cons:

    1. Trailing ? looks ugly in some browsers. This can be fixed by a hack (in some cases) using POST instead of GET, but the clean way is to have a server-side redirect. The downside with the server side redirect is that it will cause an extra HTTP call for these links because of the 304 redirect.
    2. Adds extra <form> element
    3. Element positioning when using multiple forms can be tricky and becomes even worse when dealing with responsive designs. Some layout can become impossible to achieve with this solution depending on the order of the elements. This can end up impacting usability if the design is impacted by this challenge.

    Solution 2: Using JavaScript.

    You can use JavaScript to trigger onclick and other events to mimic the behavior of a link using a button. The example below could be improve and remove from the HTML, but it is there simply to illustrate the idea:

    <button onclick="window.location.href='/page2'">Continue</button>
    

    Pros:

    1. Simple (for basic requirement) and keep semantic while not requiring an extra form.
    2. Since it is a real button, it will also act like a real button (e.g. draggable behavior and/or mimic a click when pressing space bar when active).

    Cons:

    1. Requires JavaScript which means less accessible. This is not ideal for a base (core) element such as a link.

    Solution 3: Anchor (link) styled like a button.

    Styling a link like a button is relatively easy and can provide similar experience across different browsers. Bootstrap does this, but it is also easy to achieve on your own using simple styles.

    Pros:

    1. Simple (for basic requirement) and good cross-browser support.
    2. Does not need a <form> to work.
    3. Does not need JavaScript to work.

    Cons:

    1. Semantic is sort of broken, because you want a button that acts like a link and not a link that acts like a button.
    2. It will not reproduce all behaviors of solution #1. It will not support the same behavior as button. For example, links react differently when dragged. Also the "space bar" link trigger will not work without some extra JavaScript code. It will add a lot of complexity since browsers are not consistent on how they support keypress events on buttons.

    Conclusion

    Solution #1 (Button in a form) seems like the most transparent for users with minimal work required. If your layout is not impacted by this choice and the server side tweak is feasible, this is a good option for cases where accessibility is the top priority (e.g. links on an error page or error messages).

    If JavaScript is not an obstacle to your accessibility requirements, then solution #2 (JavaScript) would be preferred over #1 and #3.

    If for some reason, accessibility is vital (JavaScript is not an option) but you are in a situation where your design and/or your server configuration is preventing you from using option #1, then solution #3 (Anchor styled like a button) is a good alternative solve this problem with minimal usability impact.

  • 12楼
  • The only way to do this (except for BalusC's ingenious form idea!) is by adding a JavaScript onclick event to the button, which is not good for accessibility.

    Have you considered styling a normal link like a button? You can't achieve OS specific buttons that way, but it's still the best way IMO.

  • 13楼
  • Going along with what a few others have added, you can go wild with just using a simple CSS class with no PHP, no jQuery code, just simple HTML and CSS.

    Create a CSS class and add it to your anchor. The code is below.

    .button-link {
        height:60px;
        padding: 10px 15px;
        background: #4479BA;
        color: #FFF;
        -webkit-border-radius: 4px;
        -moz-border-radius: 4px;
        border-radius: 4px;
        border: solid 1px #20538D;
        text-shadow: 0 -1px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.4);
        -webkit-box-shadow: inset 0 1px 0 rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.4), 0 1px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
        -moz-box-shadow: inset 0 1px 0 rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.4), 0 1px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
        box-shadow: inset 0 1px 0 rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.4), 0 1px 1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
    }
    .button-link:hover {
        background: #356094;
        border: solid 1px #2A4E77;
        text-decoration: none;
    }
    
    <HTML>
        <a class="button-link" href="http://www.go-some-where.com"
           target="_blank">Press Here to Go</a>
    

    That is it. It is very easy to do and lets you be as creative as you'd like. You control the colors, the size, the shapes(radius), etc. For more detailsm, see the site I found this on.

  • 14楼
  • @Nicolas,following worked for me as yours didn't have type="button" due to which it started behaving as submit type..since i already have one submit type.it didn't worked for me ....and now you can either add class to button or to <a> to get required layout:

    <a href="http://www.google.com/">
        <button type="button">Click here</button>
    </a>
    
  • 15楼
  • If you want to avoid having to use a form or an input and you're looking for a button-looking link, you can create good-looking button links with a div wrapper, an anchor and an h1 tag. You'd potentially want this so you can freely place the link-button around your page. This is especially useful for horizontally centering buttons and having vertically-centered text inside of them. Here's how:

    Your button will be comprised of three nested pieces: a div wrapper, an anchor, and an h1, like so:

    <div class="link-button-wrapper">
        <a href="your/link/here">
            <h1>Button!</h1>
        </a>
    </div>
    

    Then in CSS, your styling should look like so:

    .link-button-wrapper {
        width: 200px;
        height: 40px;
        box-shadow: inset 0px 1px 0px 0px #ffffff;
        border-radius: 4px;
        background-color: #097BC0;
        box-shadow: 0px 2px 4px gray;
        display: block;
        border:1px solid #094BC0;
    }
    .link-button-wrapper > a {
        display: inline-table;
        cursor: pointer;
        text-decoration: none;
        height: 100%;
        width:100%;
    }
    .link-button-wrapper > a > h1 {
        margin: 0 auto;
        display: table-cell;
        vertical-align: middle;
        color: #f7f8f8;
        font-size: 18px;
        font-family: cabinregular;
        text-align: center;
    }
    

    Here's a jsFiddle to check it out and play around with it.

    Benefits of this setup: 1. Making the div wrapper display: block makes it easy to center (using margin: 0 auto) and position (while an <a> is inline and harder to positionand not possible to center).

    1. You could just make the <a> display:block, move it around, and style it as a button, but then vertically aligning text inside of it becomes hard.

    2. This allows you to make the <a> display: inline-table and the <h1> display: table-cell, which allows you to use vertical-align: middle on the <h1> and center it vertically (which is always nice on a button). Yes, you could use padding, but if you want your button to dynamically resize, that won't be as clean.

    3. Sometimes when you embed an <a> within a div, only the text is clickable, this setup makes the whole button clickable.

    4. You don't have to deal with forms if you're just trying to move to another page. Forms are meant for inputting information, and they should be reserved for that.

    5. Allows you to cleanly separte the button styling and text styling from each other (stretch advantage? Sure, but CSS can get nasty-looking so it's nice to decompose it).

    It definitely made my life easier styling a mobile website for variable-sized screens.

  • 16楼
  • Another option is to create a link in the button:

    <button type="button"><a href="yourlink.com">Link link</a></button>
    

    Then use CSS to style the link and button, so that the link takes up the entire space within the button (so there's no miss-clicking by the user):

    button, button a{position:relative;}
    button a{top:0;left:0;bottom:0;right:0;}
    

    I have created a demo here.

  • 17楼
  • If you want to create a button that is used for a URL anywhere, create a button class for an anchor.

    a.button {
        background-color: #999999;
        color: #FFFFFF !important;
        cursor: pointer;
        display: inline-block;
        font-weight: bold;
        padding: 5px 8px;
        text-align: center;
        -webkit-border-radius: 5px;
        border-radius: 5px;
    }
    .button:hover {
        text-decoration: none;
    }
    
  • 18楼
  • I know there have been a lot of answers submitted, but none of them seemed to really nail the problem. Here is my take at a solution:

    1. Use the <form method="get"> method that the OP is starting with. This works really well, but it sometimes appends a ? to the URL. The ? is the main problem.
    2. Use jQuery/JavaScript to do the link following when JavaScript is enabled so that ? doesn't end up appended to the URL. It will seamlessly fallback to the <form> method for the very small fraction of users who don't have JavaScript enabled.
    3. The JavaScript code uses event delegation so you can attach an event listener before the <form> or <button> even exist. I'm using jQuery in this example, because it is quick and easy, but it can be done in 'vanilla' JavaScript as well.
    4. The JavaScript code prevents the default action from happening and then follows the link given in the <form> action attribute.

    JSBin Example (code snippet can't follow links)

    // Listen for any clicks on an element in the document with the `link` class
    $(document).on('click', '.link', function(e) {
        // Prevent the default action (e.g. submit the form)
        e.preventDefault();
    
        // Get the URL specified in the form
        var url = e.target.parentElement.action;
        window.location = url;
    });
    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
    
        <head>
            <script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-1.11.1.min.js"></script>
            <meta charset="utf-8">
            <title>Form buttons as links</title>
        </head>
    
        <body>
            <!-- Set `action` to the URL you want the button to go to -->
            <form method="get" action="http://stackoverflow.com/questions/2906582/how-to-create-an-html-button-that-acts-like-a-link">
                <!-- Add the class `link` to the button for the event listener -->
                <button type="submit" class="link">Link</button>
            </form>
        </body>
    
    </html>

  • 19楼
  • For HTML 5 and styled button along with image background

    <a id="Navigate" href="http://www.google.com">
      <input 
        type="button"
        id="NavigateButton"
        style="
          background-image: url(http://cdn3.blogsdna.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/03/Windows-Phone-7-Series-Icons-Pack.png);
          background-repeat: no-repeat;
          background-position: -272px -112px;
          cursor:pointer;
          height: 40px;
          width: 40px;
          border-radius: 26px;
          border-style: solid;
          border-color:#000;
          border-width: 3px;" title="Navigate"
        />
    </a>

  • 20楼
  • Why not just place your button inside of a reference tag e.g

    <a href="https://www.google.com/"><button>Next</button></a>
    

    This seems to work perfectly for me and does not add any %20 tags to the link, just how you want it. I have used a link to google to demonstrate.

    You could of course wrap this in a form tag but it is not necessary.

    When linking another local file just put it in the same folder and add the file name as the reference. Or specify the location of the file if in is not in the same folder.

    <a href="myOtherFile"><button>Next</button></a>
    

    This does not add any character onto the end of the URL either, however it does have the files project path as the url before ending with the name of the file. e.g

    If my project structure was...

    .. denotes a folder - denotes a file while four | denote a sub directory or file in parent folder

    ..public
    |||| ..html
    |||| |||| -main.html
    |||| |||| -secondary.html

    If I open main.html the URL would be,

    http://localhost:0000/public/html/main.html?_ijt=i7ms4v9oa7blahblahblah
    

    However, when I clicked the button inside main.html to change to secondary.html, the URL would be,

    http://localhost:0000/public/html/secondary.html 
    

    No special characters included at the end of the URL. I hope this helps. By the way - (%20 denotes a space in a URL its encoded and inserted in the place of them.)

    Note: The localhost:0000 will obviously not be 0000 you'll have your own port number there.

    Furthermore the ?_ijt=xxxxxxxxxxxxxx at the end off the main.html URL, x is determined by your own connection so obviously will not be equal to mine.


    It might seem like I'm stating some really basic points but I just want to explain as best as I can. Thank you for reading and I hope this help someone at the very least. Happy programming.

  • 21楼
  • Regarding BalusC's reply,

    <form action="http://google.com">
        <input type="submit" value="Go to Google">
    </form>
    

    I needed to add variables to the button and wasn't sure how. I ended up using input type hidden. I thought this might be helpful to others who found this page like myself.

  • 22楼
  • Use it as data-href="index.html" inside the button tag.

  • 23楼
  •     <input type = "submit" name = "submit" onClick= "window.location= 'http://example.com'">
    

    I used this for a website I'm currently working on and it works great!. If you want some cool styling too I'll put the CSS down here.

    input[type = "submit"] {
        background-color:white;
        width:200px;
        border: 3px solid #c9c9c9;
        font-size:24pt;
        margin:5px;
        color:#969696;
    }
    input[type = "submit"]:hover {
        color: white;
        background-color:#969696;
        transition: color 0.2s 0.05s ease;
        transition: background-color 0.2s 0.05s ease;
        cursor: pointer;
    }
    

    Working JSFiddle here

  • 24楼
  • Also you can use a button:

    For example, in ASP.NET Core syntax:

    // Some other tags
     <form method="post">
          <input asp-for="YourModelPropertyOrYourMethodInputName"
          value="@TheValue" type="hidden" />
          <button type="submit" class="link-button" formaction="/TheDestinationController/TheDestinationActionMethod">
          @(TextValue)
          </button>
      </form>
    // Other tags...
    
    
    <style>
           .link-button {
            background: none !important;
            border: none;
            padding: 0 !important;
            color: #20a8d8;
            cursor: pointer;
        }
    </style>
    
  • 25楼
  • People who have answered using <a></a> attributes on a <button></button> was helpful.

    BUT then recently, I encountered a problem when I used a link inside a <form></form>.

    The button is now regarded like/as a submit button (HTML5). I've tried working a way around, and have found this method.

    Create a CSS style button like the one below:

    .btn-style{
        border : solid 1px #0088cc;
        border-radius : 6px;
        moz-border-radius : 6px;
        -webkit-box-shadow : 0px 0px 2px rgba(0,0,0,1.0);
        -moz-box-shadow : 0px 0px 2px rgba(0,0,0,1.0);
        box-shadow : 0px 0px 2px rgba(0,0,0,1.0);
        font-size : 18px;
        color : #696869;
        padding : 1px 17px;
        background : #eeeeee;
        background : -webkit-gradient(linear, left top, left bottom, color-stop(0%,#eeeeee), color-stop(49%,#eeeeee), color-stop(72%,#cccccc), color-stop(100%,#eeeeee));
        background : -moz-linear-gradient(top, #eeeeee 0%, #eeeeee 49%, #cccccc 72%, #eeeeee 100%);
        background : -webkit-linear-gradient(top, #eeeeee 0%, #eeeeee 49%, #cccccc 72%, #eeeeee 100%);
        background : -o-linear-gradient(top, #eeeeee 0%, #eeeeee 49%, #cccccc 72%, #eeeeee 100%);
        background : -ms-linear-gradient(top, #eeeeee 0%, #eeeeee 49%, #cccccc 72%, #eeeeee 100%);
        background : linear-gradient(top, #eeeeee 0%, #eeeeee 49%, #cccccc 72%, #eeeeee 100%);
        filter : progid:DXImageTransform.Microsoft.gradient( startColorstr='#eeeeee', endColorstr='#eeeeee',GradientType=0 );
    
    }
    

    Or create a new one here : CSS Button Generator

    And then create your link with a class tag named after the CSS style you have made:

    <a href='link.php' class='btn-style'>Link</a>
    

    Here's a fiddle:

    JS Fiddle

  • 26楼
  • You could also set the buttons type-property to "button" (it makes it not submit the form), and then nest it inside a link (makes it redirect the user).

    This way you could have another button in the same form that does submit the form, in case that's needed. I also think this is preferable in most cases over setting the form method and action to be a link (unless it's a search-form I guess...)

    Example:

    <form method="POST" action="/SomePath">
        <input type="text" name="somefield"/>
        <a href="www.target.com"><button type="button">Go to Target!</button></a>
        <button type="submit">submit form</button>
    </form>
    

    This way the first button redirects the user, while the second submits the form.

    Be careful to make sure the button doesn't trigger any action, as that will result in a conflict. Also as Arius pointed out, you should be aware that, for the above reason, this isn't strictly speaking considered valid HTML, according to the standard. It does however work as expected in Firefox and Chrome, but I haven't yet tested it for Internet Explorer.

  • 27楼
  • If what you need is that it will look like a button, with emphasis on the gradient image, you can do this:

    <a href="www.yourlink.com" class="btn btn-gradient"><i class="fa fa-home"> Button Text</i></a>
    
  • 28楼
  • If you want to redirect for pages which reside within your website, then then here's my method - I've added the attribute href to the button, and onclick assigned this.getAttribute('href') to document.location.href

    ** It won't work if you reference for urls outsite of your domain because of 'X-Frame-Options' to 'sameorigin'.

    Sample code:

    <button onclick="document.location.href=this.getAttribute('href');" href="/">Home</button>
    
  • 29楼
  • In case you want the button to work as a download button

    <a href="${link}" download><input type="button" id="btnDownload" value="Download Image"></input></a>

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